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Mental health, men and culture: how do socio-cultural constructions of masculinities relate to men's mental health help-seeking behaviour in the WHO European Region?

Health evidence network synthesis report 70

Corporate Author:
World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe
Brendan Gough, Irina Novikova

Fewer men than women are diagnosed with depression and treated for depression related disorders and other common mental health problems. This is partly due to the real prevalence of depression being lower in men, which is thought to relate to biological differences between the sexes. However, there is also the compounding challenge of men not seeking help for psychological issues, delaying engagement with therapeutic services until problems deteriorate and being diagnosed with other conditions (e.g. psychosomatic) – that is, depression is hidden or masked by men and is, therefore, under diagnosed. In addition, health professionals and significant others may not recognize mental health issues in men and may not recommend mental health services when they do. It is important to note that gender norms intersect with wider social change and challenges, including economic hardship, limited mental health service provision, racism and discrimination against marginalised groups of men. Although rates of depression are 50% higher in women than men, suicide rates are approximately three times higher in men than in women and are linked to traditional masculinity factors (e.g. limited emotional disclosure and help-seeking) that are disproportionately experienced by specific groups of men(e.g. gay men, rural men, divorced men, and unemployed or indebted (i.e. who feel they have failed in the traditional breadwinner role) men)

Extent x, 58p. ISBN 9789289055130
Size N/A Price £21.00
Format Paperback Published 11 Aug 2020
Availability Out of stock - available to order Delivery Delivery options and charges