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Daily List 211

Today's highlights

Thursday 30 October 2014

Reforming the UK border and immigration system: twentieth report of session 2014-15: report, together with the formal minutes relating to the report.

House of Commons papers (2014-15) - 584.
Corporate Author:
Committee of Public Accounts
Author:
Margaret Hodge (chairman)

The Home Office acquired direct responsibility for the significant problems faced by the UK Border Agency when it was abolished in March 2013 and its functions were transferred to the Department. While performance in most of the areas transferred has held steady, the Department has failed to deal with long standing backlogs of asylum claims. Many older asylum claims - some over seven years old - remain undecided, while a new backlog of cases awaiting an initial decision is forming. This is partly as a result of a botched attempt by the Agency to downgrade staff that resulted in 120 experienced caseworkers leaving. The Department lacks the data it needs to manage its backlogs and the overall workload effectively. The failure of a number of IT projects has also compromised the Department's ability to track people through the immigration system and ensure that those with no right to remain are removed from the UK.

  • ISBN: 9780215078476
  • 5.50

Commerce

SME policy index: the Mediterranean Middle East and North Africa 2014: implementation of the Small Business Act for 2014 for Europe.

Corporate Author:
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

This report assesses the elaboration and implementation of SME policy in eight Middle East and North African economies of the southern Mediterranean shore. The assessment is structured according to the ten policy principles covered in the Small Business Act for Europe (the SBA). One of the main findings is that over the last five years there has been progress in SME policy elaboration and implementation in spite of the political and economic turmoil. However, that progress has been modest, incremental and uneven across economies and dimensions. Political and economic stability, as well as institutional development, had a major impact on policy performance.

  • ISBN: 9789264218406
  • 68.00

Economy

Republic of Iraq public expenditure review: toward more efficient spending for better service delivery.

World Bank studies
Corporate Author:
World Bank

Republic of Iraq Public Expenditure Review: Toward More Effi cient Spending for Better Service Delivery provides an integrated perspective on how Iraq needs to provide better public service delivery while maintaining macroeconomic stability and fiscal discipline. These goals exist amid a challenging context of revenue volatility, the need to diversify the economy, weak accountability mechanisms, and residual conflict. Reflecting these challenges, key socioeconomic developmental indicators are stalled or are even declining despite rapid growth in public spending. Growth in spending has not been matched by absorptive capacity, let alone improved outcomes. The difficult task of encouraging fiscal institutions to embed practices of good economic management remains a work in progress. The task for Iraqi authorities will be to turn oil revenues into sustained welfare improvements. Macroeconomic stability alone is not enough to address social and economic development issues and to avoid a 'resource curse'. Economic diversifi cation is imperative for the goals of creating jobs and promoting income-generating opportunities for the Iraqi population. In the years ahead, Iraqi government authorities will have the following key challenges: (i) to remove constraints to nonhydrocarbon economic activities; (ii) to ensure the effi cient use of oil revenue, and (iii) to restrain the growth of current spending to free up resources for public investment, while maintaining essential safety nets and social support for the poor and disadvantaged. Senior policymakers at the Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Planning, and line ministries have the opportunity to take concrete steps now. As economic growth prospects are favorable in the medium term, the Iraqi government needs to lay the foundations of a broadly diversifi ed economy and to provide decent public services and security while facilitating adequate economic freedom.

  • ISBN: 9781464802942
  • 23.00

Fire

Fighting fires: using positive pressure ventilation.

Generic risk assessment GRA 3.6.
Corporate Author:
Department for Communities and Local Government. Chief Fire and Rescue Adviser

This generic risk assessment examines the hazards, risks and control measures that relate to ventilation. It includes the use of positive pressure ventilation as either a defensive or offensive part of firefighting. Depensing on the nature and scale of the operational incident, a variety of significant hazards may be present. Fire and Rescue Authorities may therefore need to consider the contents of other specific generic risk assessments in this series. This, as with all generic risk assessments provides a starting point for Fire and Rescue Authorities to conduct their own assessments within the context of local conditions and existing organisational arrangements.

  • ISBN: 9780117540477
  • 20.99

Health

National Health screening: third report of session 2014-15: report, together with formal minutes relating to the report.

House of Commons papers (2014-15) - 244.
Corporate Author:
Science and Technology Committee
Author:
Andrew Miller (chairman)

The risks and benefits of participating in screening programmes, for conditions and diseases like cancer, are not consistently communicated by either the NHS or private health care providers, the Science and Technology Committee has warned in a new report. It is calling on the Government to ensure that a standardised process to produce screening information is introduced and that better communications training is provided to health care professionals. A recently revised breast cancer screening leaflet for the 50-70 age group - with its more explicit focus on helping women make an 'informed choice' about whether screening is right for them - marks a step in the right direction. However, the inquiry found that the principles followed to revise this leaflet have not been applied to the communications developed by other NHS screening programmes. The Committee recommends that steps are immediately taken by the Government's advisor on screening, the UK National Screening Committee (UK NSC), to devise and implement a standard process for producing information that facilitates informed choice. It also recommends a clarification of what 'informed choice' means for potential screening participants so that different screening programmes can be more effectively evaluated on their delivery of it. MPs are also calling on the Office for National Statistics to validate the statistics presented in NHS screening information to resolve disagreement and confusion over their accuracy.

  • ISBN: 9780215078537
  • 12.00

Regional

OECD regional outlook 2014: regions and cities: where policies and people meet.

Corporate Author:
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

Regions and cities are on the front lines of many challenges faced by OECD countries today, from education and jobs to health care and quality of life. Getting regions and cities, adapting policies to the specificities of where people live and work, is vital to improving citizens' well-being. This second edition of the OECD Regional Outlook aims to help countries do just that. Part I describes the main trends and challenges today. Part II has a special focus on cities, looking at public investment, urban framework policies, and rural-urban issues. Part III presents a Policy Forum on the future of cities, with five contributions from distinguished authors and policy makers. Part IV offers profiles of regional development in all 34 OECD countries.

  • ISBN: 9789264201408
  • 63.00

Social Issues

How was life?: global well-being since 1820.

Corporate Author:
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
Author:
Jan Luiten van Zanden (editor)

How was life in 1820, and how has it improved since then? What are the long-term trends in global well-being? Views on social progress since the Industrial Revolution are largely based on historical national accounting in the tradition of Kuznets and Maddison. But trends in real GDP per capita may not fully reflect changes in other dimensions of well-being such as life expectancy, education, personal security or gender inequality. Looking at these indicators usually reveals a more equal world than the picture given by incomes alone, but has this always been the case? The new report How Was Life? aims to fill this gap. It presents the first systematic evidence on long-term trends in global well-being since 1820 for 25 major countries and 8 regions in the world covering more than 80% of the world's population. It not only shows the data but also discusses the underlying sources and their limitations, pays attention to country averages and inequality, and pinpoints avenues for further research. The How Was Life? report is the product of collaboration between the OECD, the OECD Development Centre and the CLIO-INFRA project. It represents the culmination of work by a group of economic historians to systematically chart long-term changes in the dimensions of global well-being and inequality, making use of the most recent research carried out within the discipline. The historical evidence reviewed in the report is organised around 10 different dimensions of well-being that mirror those used by the OECD in its well-being report How's Life? (www.oecd.org/howslife), and draw on the best sources and expertise currently available for historical perspectives in this field. These dimensions are: per capita GDP, real wages, educational attainment, life expectancy, height, personal security, political institutions, environmental quality, income inequality and gender inequality.

  • ISBN: 9789264214064
  • 47.00