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Daily List 076

Today's highlights

Thursday 17 April 2014

Defence

Afghanistan - Camp Bastion attack: thirteenth report of session 2013-14: report, together with formal minutes.

House of Commons papers (2013-14) - 830.
Corporate Author:
Defence Committee
Author:
James Arbuthnot (chairman)

The perimeter security and force protection measures in place at the time of the attack on Camp Bastion in 2012 were inadequate, says the Defence Select Committee. On 14 September 2012, 15 heavily-armed Taliban insurgents infiltrated the camp and attacked the airfield. The ensuing engagement lasted into the next day and resulted in the deaths of US Marine Corps Lt Col Christopher Raible and Sgt Bradley Atwell, the wounding of eight US personnel, eight UK personnel and one civilian contractor and the destruction of six US Harrier jets. US and UK troops killed 14 of the Taliban attackers and wounded the remaining attacker, who was detained and interrogated. The Committee concluded that the arrangements for manning of the guard towers around the perimeter of Camp Bastion were exposed by the attack as inadequate. The decision not to man a particular guard tower on the night contributed directly to the failure to detect the insurgents at an early stage which might have limited the impact of their assault. All guard towers at Bastion are now manned constantly. The Committee were unimpressed by the evidence from the Chief of Joint Operations, who explained that the number of security incidents was unusually high in Helmand Province in 2012. The Committee was told that the focus of ISAF commanders had been on security incidents elsewhere in Helmand Province and on threats from insider attack. Unfortunately the MoD has declined to provide the Committee with comparable details of the level of security incidents recorded in Helmand for previous years as this information was classified. This would have allowed the Committee to make an informed assessment of the relative threat levels in the area at the time. Insufficient attention was given to the fundamental requirement of defending Camp Bastion from external assault. The Committee believes that this was complacent. Given that the attack took place in the British sector of the camp, British commanders must bear a degree of responsibility for these systemic failures and associated reputational damage.

  • ISBN: 9780215071569
  • 6.50
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Environment

Invasive non-native species: fourteenth report of session 2013-14: report together with formal minutes relating to the report.

House of Commons papers (2013-14) - 913.
Corporate Author:
Environmental Audit Committee
Author:
Joan Walley (chairman)

Invasive species, such as Japanese Knotweed, the Oak Processionary Moth, the Ruddy Duck and Zebra Mussels, can have detrimental effects on the native species they supplant, as well as on human health and business. The Environmental Audit Committee is calling on the Government to revamp the system for controlling invasive species in England and Wales. Current Wildlife legislation has never been used to prosecute anyone and is unlikely to provide the level of protection now needed. Better prevention, surveillance, monitoring, eradication and long-term control measures are all needed in the fight against invasive species. The Government currently has no formal surveillance system in place to trigger action to ensure early eradication. Defra needs to develop a surveillance system that integrates voluntary wildlife recording with professional monitoring and identification. The current system of "listing" species to be monitored and controlled is too slow. The Government must implement legal changes recommended by the Law Commission and replicate the Scottish system of species control orders to provide a mechanism for eradicating invasive species before they become established. Species on the existing national lists that are already well established here should be reviewed, according to the Committee. Where habitats cannot be restored or biodiversity protected, the invasive species should be removed from the list and control measures re-evaluated.

  • ISBN: 9780215071576
  • 10.00
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Science & Technology

Design features and operating experience of experimental fast reactors.

IAEA nuclear energy series NG-T-1.9.
Corporate Author:
International Atomic Energy Agency

Growing energy needs and concern for the environment drive the demand for large scale and low impact energy sources. Therefore, national and international research on fast reactor technology is increasing. As a part of the IAEA efforts for knowledge preservation and data retrieval, this publication compiles and documents significant aspects of fast reactor engineering development and experience. Its focus is on research and developing activities, experience with experimental facilities and properties, and criteria for comparison and choice of liquid metal coolants. The introductory part includes the history, the state of the art and an overview of fast reactor cooling, heat transport and heat conversion systems development. This is followed by basic information on liquid metal coolants and design features. The publication concludes with a summary which identifies the progress achieved and issues to be resolved in sodium and heavy metal coolant technology.

  • ISBN: 9789201364104
  • 25.00
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Science & Technology

Managing human performance to improve nuclear facility operation.

IAEA nuclear energy series NG-T-2.7.
Corporate Author:
International Atomic Energy Agency

The contribution of human performance to the occurrence of significant events and consequently to overall performance improvement in the nuclear field has been well documented. Nuclear industry experience shows that within nuclear power plants, 80% of significant events can be attributed to human error. Monitoring and continually improving human performance has now become one of the key challenges in the management of human resources for a nuclear facility. This publication provides practical guidance in this area and will assist Member States to review and improve the systems and process for improving human performance as a major contribution to sustaining and improving the performance of nuclear facilities.

  • ISBN: 9789201446107
  • 19.00
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Science & Technology

Guidelines for remediation strategies to reduce the radiological consequences of environmental contamination.

Technical reports series 475.
Corporate Author:
International Atomic Energy Agency
Author:
S. Fesenko (editor), B.J. Howard (editor)

This publication addresses the remediation of non-urban terrestrial and freshwater ecosystems including agricultural, forest and aquatic environments contaminated with radionuclides by radiation accidents, radiological incidents and other past activities. Associated social, ethical and economic considerations are also presented. The book describes modern decision aiding technologies and environmental decision support systems for remediation planning and optimization. Several case studies, demonstrating remediation success (radiation and radiological accidents, nuclear test sites, etc.) are presented and evaluated. The publication considers only remediation strategies and management options that are relevant for existing exposure situations. Management options (countermeasures) for pre-deposition and early phases after emergencies are the subject of other IAEA publications.

  • ISBN: 9789201341105
  • 49.00
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