AIDS epidemic update: December 2009
- Joint United Nations and World Health Organisation Programme on HIV/AIDS
'December 2009 AIDS Epidemic Update' reports on developments in the global HIV/AIDS epidemic and draws on the most recent data available to give global and regional estimates of its scope and human toll. UNAIDS recommends that countries ground their AIDS strategies in an understanding of their individual epidemics and their national responses. The data presented in this report indicate that this is often failing to occur. The failure to match national AIDS strategies to documented national needs has been vividly illustrated by recent modes of transmission studies and HIV prevention syntheses conducted in a number of countries.
Findings for 2009 include:
The total number of people living with HIV is estimated at 33.4 million, 2.7 million new cases during the year and an estimated 2 million deaths.
Sub-Saharan Africa remains the region most heavily affected by HIV. In 2008, sub-Saharan Africa accounted for 67% of HIV infections worldwide, 68% of new HIV infections among adults and 91% of new HIV infections among children. The region also accounted for 72% of the world's AIDS-related deaths in 2008.
The latest epidemiological data indicate that globally the spread of HIV appears to have peaked in 1996, when approximately 3.5 million new HIV infections occurred. In 2008, the estimated number of new HIV infections was approximately 30% lower than at the epidemic's peak 12 years earlier.
|Format||Paperback||Published||24 Mar 2010|
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